Olympic Analytics - all figures, analytics, statistics.
The Olympic Games are the largest international sports competitions that are held every four years by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Modern Olympic Games are held since 1896, with the exception of the years that have come to world wars. In 1924, the Winter Olympic Games were established, which were originally held in the same year as the Summer Olympic Games. Since 1994, the Winter Olympic Games has been shifted by two years relative to the Summer Olympic Games. The principles, rules and regulations of the Olympic Games are defined by the Olympic Charter, the first edition of which was adopted by the International Sports Congress in Paris in 1894, that, at the suggestion of the French educator and historian Baron Pierre de Coubertin, decided to organize the Games and establish the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
Competitions at the Olympic Games are consisted of the Olympic sports. Each Olympic sport is represented by the International Federation (IF), which responsible for the development of this sport. Sport can be represented at the Olympic Games only if the corresponding International Federation is officially recognized by the International Olympic Committee. The decision on the number of sports presented at each Olympic Games is taken by the International Olympic Committee. Representative organizations of the countries participating in the Olympic Games are the National Olympic Committees (NOCs). Athletes of the country are allowed to participate in the Olympic Games only if the National Olympic Committee of this country is officially recognized by the International Olympic Committee. According to the Olympic Charter, Games are competitions between individual athletes, and not between national teams. Nevertheless, unofficial team medal standings are widely used for information purposes. Unofficial team medal standing defines the place of team depending on the number of medals won. The most common method is when the teams places are first distributed according to the number of gold medals, then by the number of silver medals, and then by the number of bronze medals.
Since the International Olympic Committee does not officially recognize the rankings of participating countries, it publishes the results of the Olympic Games mainly in the form of places of athletes in competitions. After the end of the Olympic Games the International Olympic Committee usually does publish medal tables, showing the total number of Olympic medals earned by each country at the Games. However, at the IOC website there are no official all-time medal tables and other consolidated analytical and statistical information about the Olympic Games and results of the Games. There are various websites, that publish such consolidated analytical information, but their data usually do not completely coincide with the official results of the IOC website, and they often use independent sources of information.
This website, although unofficial, partially eliminates the lack of official summary analytical information because it
a) compatible with the results of the Games on the IOC website;
b) provides a large set of consolidated analytical information on the results of the Olympic Games.
Separately it is worth noting that because the numerous anti-doping rules violations cases at the last few Olympic Games, number of procedures are still in progress that led or may lead to medals strippings and medals reallocations. The IOC website does not always reflect the changes in the medal standings in time, even if the corresponding decisions on disqualifications are made directly by the International Olympic Committee. For this reason, this website has two modes of requesting and displaying information: "IOC Compatible" and "Actual". On all data display web-pages, the information mode switch is present as a radio button with two corresponding values at the upper right corner of the web-page. The "IOC Compatible" mode uses data fully compatible with data at the IOC website. The "Actual" mode uses data taking into account decisions on disqualifications and medals redistributions, officially made and published by a) IOC, b) Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), c) International Federations (IFs), to which the IOC officially delegated the rights to redistribute medals in individual cases. All data discrepancies between : "IOC Compatible" mode and "Actual" mode can be shown here.
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